Herb of the family of orchid, phalaenopsis in the wild lives in humid warm forests. Orchid growing on trees, so require such a microclimate that is necessary to create artificially in our homes.
Important!All you need to orchids for life is the light and the water.
Besides the usual roots of Phalaenopsis have aerial roots. In nature they receive moisture from the atmosphere. They should be in the light, because they are involved in photosynthesis.
Plant with 3-6 wide sheets arranged alternately, between which the flexible spike grows long branch. Number of flowers of any color, with spots and stripes depends on the care and varieties of plants. Propagation of Phalaenopsis does not pose much difficulty and it may even take care of inexperienced grower.
Note!The most undemanding of all kinds of orchids is a Phalaenopsis.
Phalaenopsis are charming flowers of various shapes and sizes, resembling a tropical moths, so they are called”butterfly-orchids.”
With the right care, as well as compliance with conditions and watering this type of orchid blooms for a long time and lived in the house up to 7 years. This plant may bloom from year 2 to 3 times. Therefore, like the Phalaenopsis flower growers. The price of orchids high, therefore can be bred this species in the conditions of the apartment.
Orchid Phalaenopsis breeding methods
To obtain satisfactory results in the multiplication of orchids need to follow some rules:
- select the correct planting time;
- to comply with the temperature and humidity;
- to choose a plant from which you receive planting material.
Note!It is best to breeding orchids phalaenopsis, when the plant is coming to an end the phase of flowering then flower resources will be directed towards reproduction.
For a healthy breeding is important optimum humidity. For breeding Phalaenopsis perfect temperature of 28 to 30 degrees, the temperature is higher than normal acceptable, but below is not recommended.
Only copies without conditions suitable for breeding. Diseased plants may have a yellowish leaves an unnatural color. If you notice signs of disease, until the time of reproduction debug recovery plant.
One of the common ways of reproduction Phalaenopsis orchid is a vegetative dividing stem cuttings or peduncle apart. The best season for this – the late spring, early summer.
Breeding Phalaenopsis orchid can be made from the peduncle. This method is suitable when the mother plant very sick and can not be saved.
How to transplant kids
It is important that the plant has already entered the phase of flowering stems healthy and had no more than 1.5-2 years. Breeding of this species can be in two ways: by seeds or by the mother plant stakes.
When breeding flower seeds will not be like the mother plant. And as a result of dilution of shares by means of an orchid on the contrary will be the double of the mother plant.
The most suitable option is the breeding of cuttings or peduncles. This method of separation of part of the stem:
- cut across the stem;
- a cut along the length of the stem axis;
- a combination of cuts along the length and across the stem.
This species cultivated as orchids during growth and during active flowering. But it is worth remembering that the best time for breeding coincides with the time of the transplant – this May and June.
The sequence of vegetative propagation
Vegetative reproduction Phalaenopsis is a division of the stem. First, you need to prepare a flower. During the development of the orchid its leaves fall underneath. Above the area on which there are no leaves, new roots. Therefore, it is necessary to remove the remaining lower leaves, so that there are new roots.
Sections were disinfected with fungicides or charcoal.
The next step is to create the ideal temperature, humidity and lighting. Fertilize the plant can be nitrogen fertilizers.
After the appearance of the new roots above the site without leaves should make a cut below the new roots. Then disinfected again. Now the cut stalks are planted in soil.
Next 2 days is not recommended to water the planted stalks that have dried slices.
After breeding need to create suitable conditions of the flower.
The new plant will be a few months later. 6 months after rooting the young will spike.
Breeding Phalaenopsis using seed is difficult because they lack nutrients. To ensure that the division of cells need carbohydrates. Also, they need bacteria to grow and develop. They will supply them with nutrients, especially minerals.
To raise orchids seeds, should prepare a fertile ground in which the seeds will sprout for 3 to 9 months. Capacity and substance should be sterile. The seed will be a young plant 3 years after germination. Then it can be transplanted into a pot. Used for breeding the plant must be free of symptoms, otherwise the plant may die.
Additional information!The main reason for Phalaenopsis diseases is improper care of the flower.
Often this kind of sick hives. The disease manifests itself in the form of large spots on the leaves of 2 to 3 cm. The reason high humidity, poor ventilation and low temperatures. deficiencies should be eliminated in the care and everything will go smoothly. For stains on the sheets of paper, color change, and the manifestation of the other symptoms of the disease should first take the plants treatment. And any deviation from optimal care reduces the chances of success.
Proper watering, sufficient light required temperature and timely fertilizing orchids provide a wonderful flowering, resistance to pests and diseases.