Aloe Vera is from North Africa. Evergreen perennial is widespread in subtropics and tropics and cultivated as a useful plant. Today it is grown in the south of the United States, in Central America and Venezuela. Grows in arid conditions, the natural habitat is deserted, subtropical and tropical areas. The plant retains a sufficient stock of water in fleshy leaves.
Aloe vera varieties in nature are 500 species, but only 5 of them are considered medicines. They differ in size, form and color of the leaves. Long and fleshy leaves are concentrated in the outlet. Their surface is often cracked, and greasy gray color prevails. Aloe leaves contain gel-shaped juice, which is very valued. At the edges there are sharp protrusions (spines). If enough space, over time he can grow to a meter.
Additional information! flowering at home to achieve extremely difficult. Aloe can bloom after 5 years. The first 3 years of life the plant actively forms leaves and roots: medicinal properties, flowering from aloe at that time it is impossible to achieve.
Aloe Vera (Aloe Vera) is found as a home plant (Aloe Arborescens), which brings maximum benefit to man.
Aloe Vera is grown mainly because of his medicinal properties, there are a lot of them in it. Up to 90% Aloe Vera consists of water: the rest of vitamins, minerals, amino acids and other enzymes.
Aloe Growing Conditions
It is relatively undemandingly to growing in pots. Grow a plant at home easily, if you follow certain rules. The most common mistakes in the cultivation of Aloe Vera:
- too much water is used when watering;
- wet air;
- no sunlight;
- Heavy impenetrable primer.
Aloe requires a lot of sunlight. The ideal location by the window overlooking the south or east.
the location of the flower at the window
In the summer at noon, they do not leave it under the right sunlight, when sunlight is most intense. In the summer months, Aloe Vera can be held outdoors, it will decorate a balcony and a terrace. As soon as the temperature falls in the fall, the plant should be removed into the room.
The desert plant, not against dry air in the house, but does not tolerate drafts and sharp changes in air temperature. In winter, they choose a cooler shaded place for it, where the temperature does not fall below 10? C. We significantly reduce watering a sufficiently small amount of water 1 time per month).
The basis of growing success is permeable and light soil. Suitable soil, which is used for cacti. You can independently prepare the substrate at home, mixing the same parts of the soil, compost and sand. It should also provide good outflow of water, i.e. At the bottom of the pot put a layer of drainage from a ceramic material.
A succulent plant collects water in its leaves, and also keeps water in the root system. Excessive watering is a frequent error in the cultivation of aloe when the roots of the plant are rotten.
Important!Substrate must dry between watering to prevent the roots. There should be no water between the leaves, otherwise they will darken and rot.
In the fall, watering is reduced. Do not watered the plant after landing.
Aloe Vera Fertilizer
In significant feeding, the plant does not need. Sand soils intended for the cultivation of aloe vera contain few organic substances, so it is necessary to fertilize them. In the summer, it is good to make special mineral fertilizers with an increased potassium content of about once every two or three weeks.
Liquid fertilizer for flowering plants is best suited. Do not ferture aloe in winter: it needs rest.
Please note!feed if the plant for some reason gives a failure. Suitable fertilizer can help the plant in growth or eliminate the problem with the disease.
It is not necessary to fully transplant plants, in the spring they simply replace the upper layer of the soil. If you use aloe in food or cosmetics, prefer to transplant the plant every year, and not fertilize it. When transplanting, the old plant is removed from the pot, the root comes free from the old earth. Place into a new pot on such a depth, as before.
How to propagate the scarlet
At home easily multiplied with cuttings. The best time is summer. At a plant, which is not less than two years, cut off the rosettes of leaves or their shoots. When sprouts reach a height of about ten centimeters, they usually have their own root system. They transplant them separately into a well-permeable sand substrate. Do not water the plant before it starts to grow (for about four-six weeks).
Aloe pests may be milders and shrews. The shield is washed off with soapy water or wipe it manually. With mild cereblers, it is possible to combat the help of biological insecticide.
How to Use Aloe Vera
The healing power of Aloe Vera in the gel juice juicy leaves. They are collected from 2 to 3-year-old plants. It is recommended to trim the lower leaves at the base of the stem.
Aloe contains antioxidants strengthening immune system, high calcium, potassium, magnesium, iron, zinc, and manganese, vitamins A, B1, B2, Pro B5, B6, C, E, and beta-carotene. Plant extracts strengthen the immune system, favorably affect the digestion and the function of the stomach, destroys or suppresses the growth of some bacteria, viruses and fungi.
Therapeutic effects of aloe vera can be used both externally and internally, can also be used to care for the skin. With it, it is effectively getting rid of various skin problems: herpes, some types of eczema and acne.
Internal use purifies the body, supports digestion, reduces blood sugar levels, strengthens the immune system, regulates blood pressure. Aloe can be mixed with fruit juice, yogurt or water. Use one teaspoon of pulp three times a day.