Features of chamomile for horticultural use
To maintain the health of plants, gardeners are now resorting to harmless means that guarantee greater or lesser effectiveness.
Common chamomile is an extremely useful plant that blooms from spring to late summer. It can grow as a weed or cultivated plant and is easy to grow. Grows on nitrogen-rich soils from neutral to slightly acidic. They are good neighbors for many types of plants, as they stimulate their growth, increase disease resistance and improve the taste of fruits.
Chamomile tea is useful not only for us, but also for our garden. It has antibacterial and fungicidal properties that can be used to treat plants suffering from fungus and mold. Collects raw materials from plants before the seeds ripen.
Additional Information! Chamomile is a medicinal plant often used for many purposes in gardening. Using chamomile infusion in the garden can have amazing benefits in controlling plant diseases and pests.
Based on the plant, preparations are prepared for spraying against diseases and pests. For this purpose, fresh or dried flower baskets and chamomile leaves collected during flowering are used.
How to use chamomile to germinate seeds
Chamomile flowers are very useful when sowing seeds. Use them to help seeds germinate. They disinfect the seed, and soften their outer shell, thereby facilitating the emergence of the sprout. This simple and economical treatment can be beneficial for those who grow their own seed garden seedlings.
Germination of seeds before planting
This germination system is ideal for some seeds with fairly hard skins. Sprouting seeds in chamomile tea is best for larger seeds with a hard outer shell, such as corn, beans, peas, pumpkin, or nasturtium. Soaking the seeds in chamomile facilitates germination and is especially beneficial for peppers, tomatoes, and if the seeds have lain for several years.
You can use chamomile bought in bags, as well as grown on your own and dried. To make the most of the properties of chamomile, prepare an infusion: one sachet per glass of water.
Note! The seeds are soaked for 24 hours. Do not leave them for longer than 24 hours because they can start to rot. Soaking can significantly increase the percentage of seedling germination. The infusion should be used at room temperature.
Ways to use chamomile tea for seedlings
As a pesticide, chamomile is ideal for fighting fungal diseases. It is a natural source of sulfur that is good for seeds and houseplants. It is safe for people and animals.
A common problem when growing seedlings is their wilting. Keeping the soil moist and warm for long periods of time is an ideal environment for the growth of fungus, which causes the tiny plants to wilt quickly.
Chamomile is suitable for fighting fungal diseases
The most common use of chamomile tea is to prevent dampness. To protect the seedlings, a weak solution is brewed. Lightly spray the surface of the soil, then allow to dry in the sun.
Processing is carried out three to four times a week until the seedlings are strong enough to be planted outdoors.
Additional Information! Spraying the infusion on the plants and soil will prevent the spread of the white fluffy fungus that lives on the surface of the soil. It can infect seeds before they germinate, or infect tender stems right above the soil. Infected seedlings wither and fall overnight.
Types of independent chamomile solutions
There are a number of decoctions and macerations that can be used in organic farming. Most of them are used like pesticides to protect the garden from pests and diseases.
Macerate does not require heating. Herbs are soaked in water for several days, stirring every two days. It takes at least 10 days to prepare. It is usually considered ready when it no longer foams. This is the easiest way, you can make it in a container right next to the garden. The downside is the bad smell.
Other preparations used in the garden are extract and infusion. These two methods of preparation are less efficient, since they do not reach the level of concentration of the substance in the solution.
Chamomile extract : 300 g of fresh grass or 100 g of dried flowers are crushed and poured into 1 liter of water at a temperature of 70 ° C and left for 12-24 hours. For spraying, dilute with water in a ratio of 1:5. Helps control pests such as aphids, spider mites and leaf-eating caterpillars.
Chamomile decoction : 100 g of dried chamomile is poured into 10 liters of water and insisted for 12-24 hours. Then boil for 20 minutes. After cooling, dilute with water in a ratio of 1:5 and use for spraying.
Chamomile infusion : 10 g of dried chamomile flowers are poured into 1 liter of hot water and left to cool under the lid. Then diluted with water in a ratio of 1:5. This infusion is used to strengthen plants and treat seeds.
It is used for dressing, disinfection, acceleration of seed germination. Seeds for sowing are soaked in chamomile infusion for 15 minutes.
You can help the harvest with self-cooked products. A solution of chamomile is used in the garden as a natural insecticide for plants. It has low toxicity, and therefore does not pose a great risk to bees and other beneficial insects.