Hydrangea in the garden: the cultivation and care

Popular flowering plant hydrangea (gidrangiya) – one of the most beautiful ornamental shrubs. It is incredibly beautiful and, at the same time, is not very difficult to care for. Hydrangea flowers suitable for cut flowers.
hydrangea Flower Garden

Description hydrangeas

Spectacular bush decoration which is the largest globular inflorescence. In the summer, they cover almost all the plant and creates a beautiful fragrant composition. Flowers live long on the plant.

Garden hydrangea grows to a height of 1.5 m. The leaves are oval and dark green color. They are very abundant growing on the branches, so that the bush looks very nice even in the flowering period.

Hydrangea broadleaf pink

Additional information!In the garden of hydrangeas can bloom from early summer to late autumn.

A variety of hydrangeas is very large: there are bush types, stam, and even those that grow as the vine. New varieties may be surprised at the variety of flowers, their size and the fact that they change noticeably during the flowering period.

A variety of grades, in terms of size and color of flowers, a lot. They are different from white to various shades and pink and red to blue and purple. The color of the petals varies depending on the content of the soil in which it grows.

You can control the color of inflorescences, changing the acidity of the soil in which grow hydrangea. To get a reddish tinge, it is necessary to maintain a more alkaline due to the acidic soil hydrangeas flowers are blue and even purple.

Growing garden hydrangea

To grow hydrangeas is not difficult, but it requires compliance with certain rules. This is one of the most cultivated garden plants in recent years. This is due to the fact that they bloom profusely and in a short time to form an attractive leafy shrubs. In addition to the garden, they can also be grown in containers on balconies and terraces.

Hydrangea Garden: Planting and maintenance in the open field

It is better to spend spring or early autumn planting, then planted trees will have more moisture. Summer planting, even in the face of flowering, is carried out in pots.

Garden hydrangeas like permeable, humus and wet soil. Heavy loamy or sandy soil does not suit them.

Important!In soils with a higher calcium content of hydrangeas will not thrive.

Sour substrate is also an important condition for a good growth of bushes. If the growth medium has a pH of about 5 – flowers are large and beautifully painted. If the soil at the planned landing site does not correspond to the ideal pH values, it is better to plant a flower in a large volume, clay pots, soil create the perfect environment for them.

Planting hydrangeas in open ground
Planting hydrangeas, photo

Best of all shrubs grow on sun or partial shade, sheltered from the wind. In the penumbra, they will grow better, but the sun promotes better blooming. Sunny place is not suitable for most species because they suffer from leaf burn.

The depth of the pits should be about 50-80 cm peat to be put on the bottom of which has a perfect pH for planting hydrangeas. On top of the roots covered with acidic soil that suits them. Lightweight and permeable backing allows them to grow better. After planting, the plants should be watered thoroughly. It is useful to mulch the area around the bushes. This will help retain moisture and create ideal temperature conditions for rooting. To plant ideally at a distance of 1 – 3 meters apart.

Watering

The plant must have sufficient moisture throughout the growing period. Because of the lush foliage and abundant flowering hydrangea much lack of water, especially during flowering. Even a slight lack of moisture leads to drying of leaves and inflorescences.

Hydrangea garden watering

Each type requires different irrigation hydrangeas. Location planting also determines how much water should the plant. Usually, it is always possible to know when the plant needs water. With a lack of moisture leaves begin to wither

Note!In the period of growth and flowering hydrangeas watered daily, ideally in the morning and directly under the root. The soil should be kept moist but not flooded. This also applies to plants that are grown in containers.

Feeding

Hydrangeas respond very well to fertilizers. Plants have high nutritional needs in a period of growth and flowering is recommended to fertilize it. Fertilizers used two or three times during the season, but not later than the end of August. A sufficient amount of nutrients increases the number of flowers. Only use fertilizers designed for kislotolyubivyh plants or directly to hydrangeas.

Trim

In the spring remove the thin, weak and dry shoots, and those that lean to the ground. All woody shoots, and who do not have growth, especially in the middle of the bush, should be removed to the sun’s rays and the air circulating inside the bush. Reduce the crown by a quarter. Subsequently, the bush will have the same size, but significantly with large buds and a strong healthy shoots.

scheme trimming hydrangea spring

After flowering, cut, dry buds, while respecting careful not to damage the new kidney under them.

Multiplication

Hydrangea garden can be propagated by seeds, cuttings, layering, dividing the bush.

The best way – to propagate green cuttings. This method is the most common among gardeners. Hydrangeas are easy to grow from cuttings – they can easily take root.

By multiplication by layering is best to begin in early spring before bud burst. Choose a low and flexible stem, which is almost parallel to the ground. Leave the leaves only in the top 30 inches of the stem and remove the rest of the. Naked part dropwise a few centimeters into the ground. Part of the leaves should be above the ground.

The plant takes root in a few months. Cut around the stem of the mother plant, and in a few weeks, you can dig up and move it to a new location.

Reproduction dividing the bush is mainly used when transplanting hydrangeas.

Diseases and pests

Hydrangea rarely sick. Of the pests may appear aphids or spider mites.

How winters hydrangea garden. Warming in the winter

Proper wintering hydrangeas will determine the number of flowering next summer. They are resistant to frost and can overwinter in our conditions. The flowers appear only on new wood, so it is important that the plant had survived severe frosts.

Late autumn watering was stopped and the bottom bush harboring peat, sawdust or leaves, as well as the upper part of the air-permeable enveloping material. In the spring should not be too early to disclose the bush, mindful of spring frosts.

Hydrangea in pot move in a cool place at 5 – 10 ° C. Make sure to pour them from time to time that they had not been dried. If the pot is too big, and you can not hide the hydrangea in the room, you need to wrap it up with a suitable material that protects from the cold.

Hydrangeas can be planted individually or, if the garden space, in small groups, in the garden hydrangea looks good as a single plant, and as a group on the background lawn. Discover the secrets of the cultivation of this plant, and the garden is filled with bright variety of these beautiful flowers.

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