The properties of mature compost. How to cook the compost in the country?
Ripe compost is especially popular in the spring when preparing the beds. But even during the growing season the plants are fed a natural fertilizer:
- is ideal as a fertilizer and soil improver;
- contribute to a stable soil structure and reduces the risk of erosion;
- supports the livelihoods of land and therefore its fertility;
- improves soil aeration and increases its ability to retain water;
- In the land of balcony boxes or pots of plants added to the compost in half.
Plants are strengthened in the compost contained nutrients and trace elements are more resistant to pests and diseases.
Proper composting of organic wastes
Compost pile – it’s basically a living organism, which is inhabited by billions of soil bacteria, fungi and other organisms. Garden and some kitchen waste provides valuable addition humus soil. Gardeners only need a little help to the compost is not turned into a dustbin.
As a material suitable for composting all vegetable and kitchen waste. Usually, this trimming lawns, branches, dry plants, leftover vegetables and fruits. Sleeps coffee, tea and egg shells are also a good material for compost. Peel tropical fruits, such as bananas or oranges, can be composted in small quantities.
How to make the perfect compost to help plants bloom? Composting of garden and kitchen waste accelerates the process, which is conventional in nature. When composting vegetable waste properly over time, turn into valuable natural fertilizer, which manifests itself in the form of a healthy plant growth. Compost contains all the nutrients that the plant needs in organically bound form.
Good compost has no unpleasant odor, it no longer smells of the forest. However, the processing of garden and kitchen waste should be aware of several important respects:
- can not be put on the compost remains of cooked food or meat;
- Good ventilation and sufficient moisture – this is the first requirement of a good compost soil
At first glance it may seem that composting – it is very unpleasant job, in which contact with the waste and odors. Learn to appreciate the “black gold”, treat him with respect.
For proper composting it is very important to choose a place for the compost. Ideal place – in partial shade, such as under a deciduous tree or shrub to compost pile is not exposed to the scorching sun and the material is not too fast ROC. It is also recommended to protect against heavy rainfall, not to completely impregnated with moisture.
Additional information!Earth added to compost, to penetrate to microorganisms and earthworms.
If the rotting process is optimized, you can count on fresh compost in about six weeks. Recycled compost reaches the stage of maturity at an average of seven months – create a valuable humus soil. If most of the components are well laid out – dark humus smell of the forest land.
The acceleration of rotting organic wastes
There are a few tricks to speed up the process of decay, which can be used to create a compost pile.
How to make compost from fallen leaves
To provide suitable conditions for living organisms requires four elements – carbon, nitrogen, air and water, and the correct approach to the process. It is important that the compost has a balanced mixture of moist green material and dry wood parts. For example, while the mown grass contains a lot of nitrogen (N), leaves and wood materials mainly microorganisms supplying carbon (C). You can lay down a variety of materials in thin layers or mix them together in the compost.
To decay process began well, you can add a little compost garden soil. Microorganisms contained serve as “seed”. If desired, it can also be sprinkled with mineral waste compost accelerators.
Note!The mixture was varied to compost waste, the better the rotting process. oak and walnut leaves rot very slowly, so they do not add to the compost.
Green and brown ingredients are mixed by turning the compost heap. This will help speed up the process. If the ratio is too strongly differs in either direction (considerable predominance carbon or nitrogen) there are difficulties in the process.
Materials with a high nitrogen content, such as grass cuttings, usually wet. Too much of this material can lead to anaerobic degradation, as a result, which is released into the air, nitrogen, ammonia, malodorous. Help mixing with carbon-rich straw, dried leaves or chopped stems. On the other hand, too much dry carbonaceous material also harmful.
Processes within the compost pile
What happens inside the compost pile? The bacteria oxidized carbon in the compost heap, create energy, which raises the temperature. Outgoing heat decomposes the organic substances.
If conditions are set correctly, the temperature will rise, setting the stage for thermophilic bacteria that are active at a temperature of 40-70 ° C. thermophiles can maintain this temperature for only a few days, but if the compost pile to rotate to provide a novel oxygen circulation cycle can be repeated again and again until everything is decomposed.
Note!The advantage of the compost pile that reaches these temperatures, is that it quickly decomposes and, more importantly, weed seeds are destroyed.
Grinding material before composting
The better the material is ground before laying the compost pit, the faster it decays. It is advisable to grind wood waste such as branches. When grinding the fibers are destroyed, and microorganisms can better penetrate into the material and degrade it. Crushed approximately to a size of five to ten centimeters, it will provide adequate ventilation of the compost.
If you throw in the compost material without crushing it, it accumulates, and it will take years to decay.
The optimal humidity of composting
Humidity also plays a crucial role in composting. For microbial activity sufficient amount of water is required, but on the other hand, the rotting material can not moisten too, otherwise air will flow, and the compost mass can rot.
Important!In dry times the compost must be periodically watered, so it does not dry up. During heavy rain should cover it.
With a balanced combination of materials Special additives for compost is usually not necessary, but can be useful for improving the rotting process. Gardeners use of wild grass extracts, such as nettle, for harmonizing freshly compost material.
After about three months, it is desirable to remove the rotten waste. Moving facilitates aeration of the compost heap, but also significantly reduces its volume. Loosening compost is important for proper composting. Material is moved inwardly from the edge where the rotting process is most intense. In addition, improved ventilation, and in the compost becomes smaller areas with low oxygen content.
If you follow all these tips, you get a usable compost to add it to your garden, plant prosperity.
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