Characteristics of grinding
They are called a calla, which is called in honor of the Italian nerd F. Zantdeski. Callas grow in the wetlands of South Africa, when swampy soils dry. An attractive tropical plant is grown for beautiful flowers.
A lot of varieties that differ in size and painting flowers and leaves are derived. Numerous large green leaves (sometimes with specks) grow from rhizomes. Some species can grow up to 100 cm, and their flowers smell.
Inflorescences in the shape of the cobs grow on solid stems and protrude above the leaves. They are surrounded by a multicolored petal in the form of a funnel, about 8 cm. Their color scheme is very diverse: from white to different shades of yellow, orange, pink, red and almost black. Some of them are two-color, for example, “black-eyed beauty” cream shade, in the center with a distinct dark purple eye.
Zantencia: Growing. How to grow calla from the bulbs in the garden?
Summer callas are grown in the gardens, the life cycle of which is opposite to the winter room, i.e. They bloom in summer and rest in winter. They are not frost-resistant and autumn need to remove tubers from the ground and leave them to winter in a dry dark place.
Sprouted tubers plant at the end of May, when they reach three or five centimeters high (higher adapt to transplant). If you put the garden calla on the flower after they germinate, they will accelerate their growth and, therefore, flowering.
Calling Call from tubers
Pour tubers to a depth of seven to ten centimeters depending on the size. The larger the tuber, the greater the kidneys, of which more colors will grow. Experts recommend planting four to six tubers in one hole. Together, you can put different colors of Call, and during flowering flowering the flowering bed will be more colorful.
Location in the garden
Summer grade requires a permeable substrate with a large amount of nutrients. Do they best feel in wet and warm places, ?? on fertile humus soils. They grow particularly well near the ponds or in the wetlands. Plants prefer solar and wind-protected places where they are best developed and bloom.
If the flowerba is in a sunny place all day, the first few days correspond to the plants so that the leaves are not burned. Plants are withstanding the full sun if they have a shaded root system.
watering and fertilizers
During the growing season, from time to time they fertilize with full mineral fertilizers and regularly water. The soil must be moderated moist, and not dry. They should be watered regularly, the substrate should not disappear. After the flowers bloomed, watering must be reduced. Flowers Calla from June to August, (some varieties until September).
Please note! As soon as the temperature drops below 15 degrees, the vegetation stops in plants – the leaves begin to turn yellow and fall. At the end of the summer, the plant fades, the leaves should naturally dry out.
By mid-October, the tubers are best removed from the ground and storing the winter in almost dry peat at a temperature of five to ten degrees.
Calla Call Requirements
Call cultivation depends on the type. The most famous – Calla Ethiopian (lat. Zantedeschia Aethiopica) with white flowers growing up to about 70 cm in height. It is widespread in the world, and is grown as a houseplant.
Zantencia, growing in pots, prefers well-moistened and drained soil. The plant loves a lot of light, but can be transferred and half. Perfect bright light with a small amount of direct sunlight. The usual room temperature is suitable, the air temperature in winter should not fall below 15 ° C.
For prolonged flowering, the plant needs peace without watering (approximately in July and August), which lasts about 2 months.
In the fall begins the growth phase, in the winter, grinding flowers and grows. In the period of growth and flowering, the substrate is maintained by humid, then the plant requires abundant irrigation, soil drying is not allowed. Thanks to the fleshy rhizomes of Calla, the rest period without watering is experiencing without problems.
Please note! Flower during the growing season requires a lot of moisture, and at rest – drought. Watering must be adapted to the specific needs of the plant.
At the time when visible growth begins, making mineral or organic fertilizers are required every 3-4 weeks.
Blooming begins in February, which lasts until May, then the plant goes back during rest, losing the above-ground part. At this time, watering gradually decreases. Dry leaves are removed, and stored a plant in a cool and bright room. During the rest period, it is recommended to transplant them into a larger capacity.
Blooming calla begin after a year and a half. As a mud flower, Calla is also suitable for growing on hydroponics.
The best way of reproduction is to divide the tubers, removing the part with visible eyes, as a result they form many buds. Ideally carry out a transplant when the roots fill the entire pot.
Separate beams in the fall and parts separately are planting in the prepared containers. A small piece of tuber with one escape after the rest period will bloom next year if it is correct to contact him.
Additional information! Temperature fluctuations at the time of landing for street flowerbed should not be very different, it is poorly transferred to garden calla.
Interesting Call varieties
Calla flower has many decorative varieties. In addition to the most popular white colors, there are also yellow, salmon, dark burgundy, red or two-color varieties, many of whom have motley leaves.
- “hot chocolate” with dark purple, almost black coloring flowers;
- “mango” with orange-red flowers resembling juicy exotic fruits;
- “Auckland” – low grade, distinguished by bright pink flower petals, pale yellow below;
- Black Eyed Beau has a creamy-white flower with a decorative dark eye in the center.
BLACK EEDEED BEAUT
Zantencia – poisonous plant. They can cause irritation of the mucous membrane when entering inward, or irritation of the epidermis as a result of contact of the juice with the skin. However, observing caution, you can safely enjoy their beauty. Beautiful Calla flowers, with a wide range of colors, are ideal for cut colors for bouquets, especially for classic wedding bouquets.