Why does the bow turn into an arrow, and how to deal with it?

Onion is one of the most popular vegetables that we use every day in food. In the process of growing, the following situation sometimes arises – onion sets shoot. If you plan to grow a plant for large, healthy bulbs, you should not miss when the onion begins to bloom. Seeds are formed on the peduncle. If an arrow appears, it threatens a spoiled ripe vegetable, [/ su_quote]

The bow goes to the arrow, what should I do?

On the bow, the arrows represent an inflorescence, in the place of which seeds gradually appear for plant propagation. Their appearance is undesirable – they do not allow the bulbs to form and develop correctly. The size of such bulbs will be small: the vegetable crop will spend half of its energy on the flowering process, and the development of the bulb will be delayed.

More info! Onion sets shoot, and what needs to be done to redirect the plant’s forces to the growth of bulbs and feathers? When the onion has already produced flower stalks, the arrows can be cut off in a timely manner, and it will continue to grow feathers and form an underground bulb.

If onions planted in spring begin to produce flower stalks, a good harvest will not work: the bulbs will be small and weak. Even if they are collected, they will not be stored well, they will quickly deteriorate.


The reasons why the bow goes to the arrow, what to do:

  • should be planted in warm soil, in cold the onion can go into the arrow;
  • it is necessary to store in a warm room in winter;
  • you need to plant not too large bulbs at a distance of 8-10 cm from each other;
  • very early landing (with a lack of heat, the bow also goes into the arrow);
  • warm up in the sun before planting, near the battery;
  • onions like loose light soils, do not like fresh manure;
  • after watering, the soil must be loosened.

The method of cultivation is also important. Onions love warm soil (about + 20 ° C), although planting is also allowed at + 12 ° C. However, it is well-warmed soil that minimizes the likelihood of arrows.

Lack of moisture in the soil. All types of onions are sensitive to watering. Young onions, faced with a lack of moisture, may enter the breeding stage. Instead of feathers, flower stalks appear. Too much moisture is also stressful for onions, and they will react by trying to seed as quickly as possible.

The choice of planting material should be approached carefully. The larger the size of the onion seeds, the more likely it will give early arrows in the beds. Bulbs should be small, no more than 3 cm in diameter,

Seed material

To grow a bow without arrows, it needs the right care conditions, following the storage method. Particular attention should be paid to storage conditions. Bulbs should not be left in damp rooms, sudden changes in temperature should be avoided. Onion sets should be stored in a cool, dry place, at temperatures up to 5 ° C, otherwise sprouts begin to develop under the husk. Such seed material, after planting in the ground, will certainly give arrows. With the advent of spring heat, it is necessary to dry the bulbs /

Pay attention! Sprouted bulbs mature faster and begin to bloom, and, conversely, seedlings stored in a dry room at the optimum temperature will not germinate. A bulb suitable for planting should be firm, have a shiny healthy husk.

Incorrectly selected type or variety of onion. It also largely depends on whether the vegetable will go to the arrow or not. There are varieties that are almost not subject to shooting.

Too early harvesting leads to the fact that the peel does not have time to form, late harvesting causes cracking of the bulb, regrowth of roots. In any case, the bulbs are poorly stored and prone to disease. Untimely harvesting can lead to improper development and the beginning of undesirable early vegetation of the bulbs planted after.

Sevua harvest

Collection is usually the end of July-August.

Spores of fungal diseases are perfectly preserved on the scales of the bulbs. If the conditions for their development are favorable, they can stimulate arrows on the bow. Antifungal medications reduce the risk of infection. Before sowing, onions are soaked for 3 hours in a solution of soda (1 tablespoon per 1 liter of water) or ordinary salt (1 tablespoon with top per 1 liter of water),

Onion sets are soaked for 2 minutes in hot water (60 ° C), then immediately placed incold water. This treatment stimulates the formation of a dense feather. For sowing, prepare a plot with loose soil. Sand, peat are added to clayey ones, lime, dolomite flour or ash are added to acidic ones.

When to plant onions?

It is very important to know how and when to plant the bow so that there are no arrows. For this, it is better to choose the period when stable warm weather begins to set (end of April).

When are onions planted in autumn? Onions are usually planted in October, depending on the weather. It’s time to start planting when the daytime temperature drops to 5-8 degrees, and frosts are already possible at night.


It is also important to prepare the seed. The preparation consists in drying the bulbs about 1 month before planting. If the conditions under which it was stored are unknown, it should be dried for 2 months.

Bulb sorting is a must. Only small ones should be planted, and medium and large ones are best used for cooking. Also, large tubers are great for growing feathers. The diameter of the bulbs affects the formation of arrows. If it exceeds 3 cm, then the arrows will begin to germinate. If the diameter of the bulbs is less than 1 cm, then it usually does not give arrows.

How to get rid of the bow arrow

What to do with bulbous arrows if they appear? They need to be cut until they reach 20-30 cm. In this case, they should be cut as close to the base as possible. Arrows are used in salads, added to the first and second courses. You can leave flower stalks for seeds.

Additional information! Of course, you should not expect such a bow to be of high quality. Even after plucking, it will not be possible to get a large turnip. The shelf life of such bulbs will be much shorter than others, so these vegetables are used earlier than others.

Prevention of onion seedlings

Proper planting of seed onions will save the plant from the growth of arrows. When sowing, soak it in different solutions for 2-3 hours. Dilute 1 tbsp. salt or soda in 1 liter of water. Plant only after the bulbs are dry.

Handling before landing

So that the bow does not give arrows, it is planted before winter (choosing frost-resistant varieties). This can be done in areas with moderate winters and the absence of severe frosts.

Bow varieties that don’t shoot

There are many varieties of onions that do not grow arrows. Giving preference to them gets rid of the need to eliminate this problem.

  • Troy is an early maturing variety, planted in spring and before winter.
  • Yellow sengshui should be planted in winter.
  • Radar is a type of Dutch bow, planting is preferable in winter.
  • Stuttgart Riesen was bred by German scientists. A rich harvest is obtained when planted in acidic soil.
  • Shellot is an early ripening onion variety.

Give preference to buying seed material in the fall to be sure of its proper storage.