Features peperomiya tupolistnoy
A perennial herb of the family Piperaceae originate mainly from South America, and lives in tropical and subtropical areas.
They exist in nature more than 1500 kinds: direct and creeping, colorful and textured. Peperomiya fine roots grow up to 20-45 cm in height. The shape, size and color peperomiya leaves vary greatly. Along the edges of the leaves of red, gray or pale green colors create amazing compositions that are often animated flowering. Small flowers grow from the axils of the upper leaves and is usually collected in a cylindrical inflorescence. Flowers do not smell, and grow vertically above the foliage.
Some fleshy species can survive in a desert climate, forming small spikes.
Care at home
Caring for plants depends on Peperomia species of choice, but as a rule it is easy to care for.
Peperomiya tupolistnaya – not capricious, it suited both light and heavier loose soil mixture. It is best to add them to one part peat, humus and sand. The main thing – to provide a moisture – and soil permeability.
Peperomiya prefer partial shade, does not tolerate direct sunlight. To withered leaves are not exposed to direct sunlight, it is best to place them on the eastern and western windows for permanent residence.
The sun room flower kept indoors, away from windows or in front of a window that gets the sun in the evening or in the morning. Bright light, but always scattered, only certain types of needs, so that they did not lose a bright color.
Peperomia actively grows year round, so it is necessary to care for winter and summer. Like most tropical and subtropical plants, she likes the ambient humidity and fairly dry soil. Watered only when the soil is very dry, and not excessive. It is better to be watered regularly than during flood (roots tend to rot if watered too) from time to time. Summer flower require watering about once a week in winter is only moderately moistened with warm water.
Summer is also recommended to spray or wipe the leaves (for large-leaved species), and in the winter it’s not necessary to do.
Important! Excessive moisture is detrimental to the roots. At the same time, dry earth coma may result in loss of leaves, especially in small-leaved species, and large enough.
In order not to cool down or damage the roots – in the winter watered, which is a little warmer than room temperature. Water for irrigation should be soft and settle.
The room in which the peperomiya tupolistnaya must be maintained pleasant room temperature all year: + 20-22 degrees in the summer, in winter + 18-20. Peperomiya tupolistnaya can not withstand a temperature below about 12 ° C.
Note!Peperomia does not tolerate drafts, likes the stable, the conditions of detention. Experienced growers try not to touch the plants without the need to.
Fertilize culture complex mineral fertilizers is necessary all year round – in summer often (every two weeks), at least in the winter (about once a month). Complex liquid fertilizers, which are sold in a specialty store, suitable for feeding.
Flower put in a small pot, the bottom of which the poured layer of gravel or clay balls for good drainage. Peperomia grows slowly, and there is no need to change the pot too often. Transplanted into the pot a little more, when the roots appear on the surface of the earth.
Ornamental plants attracts grow it in all possible ways. The easiest way – is to divide the hive during the transplant.
Easily propagated by cuttings of stems or leaves. Both methods are easy to implement, than growing from seed.
Cuttings leaves.Most peperomiya reproduce only by cuttings leaf. The best time for breeding – spring season. Cut sheet together with a stem and placed in a pot with moist soil. Top covered container with a plastic bag, which made a few holes to pass air into it. The new plant will be at the base sheet. When it is good to take root in the soil, it is transplanted into a separate pot.
Cuttings stems.Slice off the stem with a sharp knife or scissors. Remove the lower leaves and put it in well-drained moist soil. Water the sapling regularly in small amounts. A few days later the roots are developed and fully mature. It can be transplanted into an outdoor garden for faster and better growth, where the seedling will get sunlight and nutrients from the soil.
Propagation by seed is used very rarely.
How to cut Peperomia?
Peperomiya tupolistnuyu cut when it reaches a height of 40 cm. Using a knife or scissors. This is done to control the size and growth. Remove damaged leaves and stems throughout the year. Severe pruning is not required, as it causes irreparable harm to growth.
Application peperomiya tupolistnoy as a medicinal plant
Peperomiya used as herb having antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. In folk medicine, it is used to treat headaches, acne, pain in the joints.
Note! Avoid large doses peperomiya, as it can lead to several other problems related to health.
Why tupolistnoy peperomia leaves turn yellow?
If the leaves look dull, it is caused by too much sunlight or insufficient amount of nutrients supplied
Discoloration of leaves (yellow) and flowers due to the excessive moisture plants, which can cause root rot disease. To overcome this problem, allow the soil to dry for some time. Also, avoid getting water on the leaves.
Peperomiya unusual appearance attracted the attention of gardeners its originality.